There are two more things to do before you can use your new extension: compiling and linking it with the Python system. If you use dynamic loading, the details depend on the style of dynamic loading your system uses; see the chapters about building extension modules on Unix (chapter 2) and Windows (chapter 3) for more information about this.
If you can't use dynamic loading, or if you want to make your module a permanent part of the Python interpreter, you will have to change the configuration setup and rebuild the interpreter. Luckily, this is very simple: just place your file (spammodule.c for example) in the Modules/ directory of an unpacked source distribution, add a line to the file Modules/Setup.local describing your file:
and rebuild the interpreter by running make in the toplevel directory. You can also run make in the Modules/ subdirectory, but then you must first rebuild Makefile there by running `make Makefile'. (This is necessary each time you change the Setup file.)
If your module requires additional libraries to link with, these can be listed on the line in the configuration file as well, for instance:
spam spammodule.o -lX11