11.11 urlparse -- Parse URLs into components.

This module defines a standard interface to break URL strings up in components (addessing scheme, network location, path etc.), to combine the components back into a URL string, and to convert a ``relative URL'' to an absolute URL given a ``base URL.''

The module has been designed to match the Internet RFC on Relative Uniform Resource Locators (and discovered a bug in an earlier draft!). Refer to RFC 1808 for details on relative URLs and RFC 1738 for information on basic URL syntax.

It defines the following functions:

urlparse (urlstring[, default_scheme[, allow_fragments]])
Parse a URL into 6 components, returning a 6-tuple: (addressing scheme, network location, path, parameters, query, fragment identifier). This corresponds to the general structure of a URL: scheme://netloc/path;parameters?query#fragment. Each tuple item is a string, possibly empty. The components are not broken up in smaller parts (e.g. the network location is a single string), and % escapes are not expanded. The delimiters as shown above are not part of the tuple items, except for a leading slash in the path component, which is retained if present.


yields the tuple

('http', 'www.cwi.nl:80', '/%7Eguido/Python.html', '', '', '')
If the default_scheme argument is specified, it gives the default addressing scheme, to be used only if the URL string does not specify one. The default value for this argument is the empty string.

If the allow_fragments argument is zero, fragment identifiers are not allowed, even if the URL's addressing scheme normally does support them. The default value for this argument is 1.

urlunparse (tuple)
Construct a URL string from a tuple as returned by urlparse(). This may result in a slightly different, but equivalent URL, if the URL that was parsed originally had redundant delimiters, e.g. a ? with an empty query (the draft states that these are equivalent).

urljoin (base, url[, allow_fragments])
Construct a full (``absolute'') URL by combining a ``base URL'' (base) with a ``relative URL'' (url). Informally, this uses components of the base URL, in particular the addressing scheme, the network location and (part of) the path, to provide missing components in the relative URL.


urljoin('http://www.cwi.nl/%7Eguido/Python.html', 'FAQ.html')
yields the string

The allow_fragments argument has the same meaning as for urlparse().

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