Python provides two general-purpose iterator objects. The first, a sequence iterator, works with an arbitrary sequence supporting the __getitem__() method. The second works with a callable object and a sentinel value, calling the callable for each item in the sequence, and ending the iteration when the sentinel value is returned.
Return an iterator that works with a general sequence object, seq. The iteration ends when the sequence raises IndexError for the subscripting operation.
Return a new iterator. The first parameter, callable, can be any Python callable object that can be called with no parameters; each call to it should return the next item in the iteration. When callable returns a value equal to sentinel, the iteration will be terminated.