22.3. sunau — Read and write Sun AU files

Source code: Lib/sunau.py


The sunau module provides a convenient interface to the Sun AU sound format. Note that this module is interface-compatible with the modules aifc and wave.

An audio file consists of a header followed by the data. The fields of the header are:

Field Contents
magic word The four bytes .snd.
header size Size of the header, including info, in bytes.
data size Physical size of the data, in bytes.
encoding Indicates how the audio samples are encoded.
sample rate The sampling rate.
# of channels The number of channels in the samples.
info ASCII string giving a description of the audio file (padded with null bytes).

Apart from the info field, all header fields are 4 bytes in size. They are all 32-bit unsigned integers encoded in big-endian byte order.

The sunau module defines the following functions:

sunau.open(file, mode)

If file is a string, open the file by that name, otherwise treat it as a seekable file-like object. mode can be any of

'r'
Read only mode.
'w'
Write only mode.

Note that it does not allow read/write files.

A mode of 'r' returns a AU_read object, while a mode of 'w' or 'wb' returns a AU_write object.

sunau.openfp(file, mode)

A synonym for open(), maintained for backwards compatibility.

The sunau module defines the following exception:

exception sunau.Error

An error raised when something is impossible because of Sun AU specs or implementation deficiency.

The sunau module defines the following data items:

sunau.AUDIO_FILE_MAGIC

An integer every valid Sun AU file begins with, stored in big-endian form. This is the string .snd interpreted as an integer.

sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_MULAW_8
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_LINEAR_8
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_LINEAR_16
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_LINEAR_24
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_LINEAR_32
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ALAW_8

Values of the encoding field from the AU header which are supported by this module.

sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_FLOAT
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_DOUBLE
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ADPCM_G721
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ADPCM_G722
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ADPCM_G723_3
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ADPCM_G723_5

Additional known values of the encoding field from the AU header, but which are not supported by this module.

22.3.1. AU_read Objects

AU_read objects, as returned by open() above, have the following methods:

AU_read.close()

Close the stream, and make the instance unusable. (This is called automatically on deletion.)

AU_read.getnchannels()

Returns number of audio channels (1 for mone, 2 for stereo).

AU_read.getsampwidth()

Returns sample width in bytes.

AU_read.getframerate()

Returns sampling frequency.

AU_read.getnframes()

Returns number of audio frames.

AU_read.getcomptype()

Returns compression type. Supported compression types are 'ULAW', 'ALAW' and 'NONE'.

AU_read.getcompname()

Human-readable version of getcomptype(). The supported types have the respective names 'CCITT G.711 u-law', 'CCITT G.711 A-law' and 'not compressed'.

AU_read.getparams()

Returns a namedtuple() (nchannels, sampwidth, framerate, nframes, comptype, compname), equivalent to output of the get*() methods.

AU_read.readframes(n)

Reads and returns at most n frames of audio, as a string of bytes. The data will be returned in linear format. If the original data is in u-LAW format, it will be converted.

AU_read.rewind()

Rewind the file pointer to the beginning of the audio stream.

The following two methods define a term “position” which is compatible between them, and is otherwise implementation dependent.

AU_read.setpos(pos)

Set the file pointer to the specified position. Only values returned from tell() should be used for pos.

AU_read.tell()

Return current file pointer position. Note that the returned value has nothing to do with the actual position in the file.

The following two functions are defined for compatibility with the aifc, and don’t do anything interesting.

AU_read.getmarkers()

Returns None.

AU_read.getmark(id)

Raise an error.

22.3.2. AU_write Objects

AU_write objects, as returned by open() above, have the following methods:

AU_write.setnchannels(n)

Set the number of channels.

AU_write.setsampwidth(n)

Set the sample width (in bytes.)

Changed in version 3.4: Added support for 24-bit samples.

AU_write.setframerate(n)

Set the frame rate.

AU_write.setnframes(n)

Set the number of frames. This can be later changed, when and if more frames are written.

AU_write.setcomptype(type, name)

Set the compression type and description. Only 'NONE' and 'ULAW' are supported on output.

AU_write.setparams(tuple)

The tuple should be (nchannels, sampwidth, framerate, nframes, comptype, compname), with values valid for the set*() methods. Set all parameters.

AU_write.tell()

Return current position in the file, with the same disclaimer for the AU_read.tell() and AU_read.setpos() methods.

AU_write.writeframesraw(data)

Write audio frames, without correcting nframes.

Changed in version 3.4: Any bytes-like objects are now accepted.

AU_write.writeframes(data)

Write audio frames and make sure nframes is correct.

Changed in version 3.4: Any bytes-like objects are now accepted.

AU_write.close()

Make sure nframes is correct, and close the file.

This method is called upon deletion.

Note that it is invalid to set any parameters after calling writeframes() or writeframesraw().