22.4. wave — Read and write WAV files

Source code: Lib/wave.py


The wave module provides a convenient interface to the WAV sound format. It does not support compression/decompression, but it does support mono/stereo.

The wave module defines the following function and exception:

wave.open(file, mode=None)

If file is a string, open the file by that name, otherwise treat it as a file-like object. mode can be:

'rb'
Read only mode.
'wb'
Write only mode.

Note that it does not allow read/write WAV files.

A mode of 'rb' returns a Wave_read object, while a mode of 'wb' returns a Wave_write object. If mode is omitted and a file-like object is passed as file, file.mode is used as the default value for mode.

If you pass in a file-like object, the wave object will not close it when its close() method is called; it is the caller’s responsibility to close the file object.

The open() function may be used in a with statement. When the with block completes, the Wave_read.close() or Wave_write.close() method is called.

Changed in version 3.4: Added support for unseekable files.

wave.openfp(file, mode)

A synonym for open(), maintained for backwards compatibility.

exception wave.Error

An error raised when something is impossible because it violates the WAV specification or hits an implementation deficiency.

22.4.1. Wave_read Objects

Wave_read objects, as returned by open(), have the following methods:

Wave_read.close()

Close the stream if it was opened by wave, and make the instance unusable. This is called automatically on object collection.

Wave_read.getnchannels()

Returns number of audio channels (1 for mono, 2 for stereo).

Wave_read.getsampwidth()

Returns sample width in bytes.

Wave_read.getframerate()

Returns sampling frequency.

Wave_read.getnframes()

Returns number of audio frames.

Wave_read.getcomptype()

Returns compression type ('NONE' is the only supported type).

Wave_read.getcompname()

Human-readable version of getcomptype(). Usually 'not compressed' parallels 'NONE'.

Wave_read.getparams()

Returns a namedtuple() (nchannels, sampwidth, framerate, nframes, comptype, compname), equivalent to output of the get*() methods.

Wave_read.readframes(n)

Reads and returns at most n frames of audio, as a string of bytes.

Wave_read.rewind()

Rewind the file pointer to the beginning of the audio stream.

The following two methods are defined for compatibility with the aifc module, and don’t do anything interesting.

Wave_read.getmarkers()

Returns None.

Wave_read.getmark(id)

Raise an error.

The following two methods define a term “position” which is compatible between them, and is otherwise implementation dependent.

Wave_read.setpos(pos)

Set the file pointer to the specified position.

Wave_read.tell()

Return current file pointer position.

22.4.2. Wave_write Objects

Wave_write objects, as returned by open(), have the following methods:

Wave_write.close()

Make sure nframes is correct, and close the file if it was opened by wave. This method is called upon object collection. Can raise an exception if nframes is not correct and a file is not seekable.

Wave_write.setnchannels(n)

Set the number of channels.

Wave_write.setsampwidth(n)

Set the sample width to n bytes.

Wave_write.setframerate(n)

Set the frame rate to n.

Changed in version 3.2: A non-integral input to this method is rounded to the nearest integer.

Wave_write.setnframes(n)

Set the number of frames to n. This will be changed later if more frames are written.

Wave_write.setcomptype(type, name)

Set the compression type and description. At the moment, only compression type NONE is supported, meaning no compression.

Wave_write.setparams(tuple)

The tuple should be (nchannels, sampwidth, framerate, nframes, comptype, compname), with values valid for the set*() methods. Sets all parameters.

Wave_write.tell()

Return current position in the file, with the same disclaimer for the Wave_read.tell() and Wave_read.setpos() methods.

Wave_write.writeframesraw(data)

Write audio frames, without correcting nframes.

Changed in version 3.4: Any bytes-like objects are now accepted.

Wave_write.writeframes(data)

Write audio frames and make sure nframes is correct. Can raise an exception if a file is not seekable.

Changed in version 3.4: Any bytes-like objects are now accepted.

Note that it is invalid to set any parameters after calling writeframes() or writeframesraw(), and any attempt to do so will raise wave.Error.